Plight of the Pollinators: What Can We Do About Their

Across the Fence is the longest-running locally-produced program in the US. We have been on-air on
WCAX-TV since 1955! Across the Fence is produced by the University of Vermont Extension.

Native Bees of New England

Our mission is to provide information about the bees present in New England including diversity, ecology,
flower preference, and flower ecology in order to increase understanding and awareness of pollinators and
the services they provide.

Bumble Bees of the Eastern United States

This new guide is an authoritative tool for learning about our rich and varied bumble bee fauna. This
field guide will enable people to identify, name, and further explore the colorful and charming bumble
bees. This guide encourages exploring nature firsthand from a new perspective. As one young
scientist said, “I really like bumble bees because they are so fuzzy and cute. It’s hard not to like
them.” With the Guide to Eastern Bumble Bees, we not only admire the Bombus of the East, we can
also identify, understand, and support them as well. Like the canary in the coal mine, several bumble
bees of the eastern region (Bombus terricola, Bombus pensylvanicus, and especially Bombus affinis)
have declined dramatically across their former wide distributions in the past decade. With the proper
identification tools, students and citizen scientists can help professional entomologists track their
populations and learn why we are losing these essential pollinators.

Stephen Buchmann, Ph.D.
International Coordinator North American Pollinator Protection Campaign
(NAPPC), Co-author of “The Forgotten Pollinators”

Native Bees of North America​​​​​​​

The Xerces Society

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation is an international nonprofit organization that protects wildlife through
the conservation of invertebrates and their habitats. Xerces takes its name from the now extinct Xerces Blue butterfly
(Glaucopsyche xerces), the first butterfly known to go extinct in North America as a result of human activities.

Planting native species for pollinators

Black, S., Hodges, N., Vaughan, M., & Shepherd, M. (2008). The Xerces Society » Pollinators in Natural Areas: A Primer on Habitat Management. 

Brandt, J., Henderson, K., & Uthe, J. (2015). Integrated Roadside Vegetation Management Technical Manual: Iowa's Roadside Resource (M. Urice, Ed.). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service / Iowa DOT’s Living Roadway Trust Fund.

Conservation Cover (327) for Pollinators: New England Installation Guide and Job Sheet (2012).

Guidance for Federal Agencies on Sustainable Practices for Designed Landscapes and Supporting Pollinators on Federal Landscapes. (2011, October 31). 

Hopwood, E., Hoffman Black, S., & Fleury, S. (2016, January). Pollinators and Roadsides: Best Management Practices for Managers and Decision Makers (D.Remley, Ed.).


Mader, E., Vaughan, M., & Shepherd, M. (2011). Attracting native pollinators: Protecting North America's bees and butterflies. North Adams, MA: Storey Pub.

POLLINATOR BIOLOGY AND HABITAT New England Biology Technical Note - NRCS (2009, April). 

Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices for Federal Lands. (2015, May 11).

Shepherd, M., & Ross, E. S. (2003). Pollinator conservation handbook. Portland, OR: Xerces Society in association with Bee Works.

Vaughan, M., & Black, S. H. (2006). Agroforestry: Sustaining native bee habitat for crop pollination. Lincoln, Neb.: USDA National Agroforestry Center.

Vaughan, M., & Black, S. H. (2006). Improving forage for native bee crop pollinators. Lincoln, Neb.: USDA National Agroforestry Center.

Vaughan, M., & Black, S. H. (2007). Enhancing nest sites for native bee crop pollinators. Lincoln, Neb.: USDA National Agroforestry Center.

The Xerces Society » Pollinator Conservation Resources – Northeast Region

Zimdahl, R. L. (2007). Fundamentals of Weed Science. Academic Press.